The present study suggests that immediate trabeculectomy with mitomycin C (MMC) may be performed as a safe and effective intervention in the management of refractory ocular hypertension (OHT)/glaucoma in patients with bilateral acute iris transillumination (BAIT).
To report the long-term results of trabeculectomy with MMC in the management of OHT/glaucoma in patients with BAIT.
Materials and Methods:
In total, 9 eyes of 6 patients with BAIT who underwent trabeculectomy with MMC between 2007 and 2015 were reviewed. Main outcome measures were control of intraocular pressure (IOP), the number of antiglaucomatous medications required to achieve the desired IOP, and complications.
The postoperative follow-up time ranged between 2 and 9.5 years. IOP at presentation was >21 mm Hg in all patients. Maximum IOP with maximum antiglaucomatous medications during follow-up before surgery ranged between 36 and 55 mm Hg. At last visit, IOP ranged between 8 and 17 mm Hg, and 6 of 9 of the eyes required no antiglaucomatous medications. There was no failure in any patients according to the guidelines of the World Glaucoma Association. The most common complication was cataract formation in 7 eyes.
The favorable outcomes observed during 2 to almost 10 years following surgical intervention are encouraging. Therefore, trabeculectomy with MMC provides long-term safe and effective results in OHT/glaucoma in patients with BAIT.